We all know how important it is to be safe in extreme heat. This is such an important act that even some laws cover it. For example, leaving a child in a car in extreme heat can be considered child abuse. Extreme heat is dangerous because it can cause sunburn, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke, which can cause death. Because of these dangers, it is important to be safe in extreme heat.
There are a number of steps that can be taken in order to stay safe. One is to never leave children, or pets, alone in enclosed vehicles. Others are to eat small meals and eat more often, avoid extreme temperature changes, wear loose-fitting, lightweight, light-colored clothing, avoid strenuous exercise, take frequent breaks if working outdoors, check on family and friends that do not have air conditioning, and to check on animals frequently to ensure that they are not suffering from the heat. It’s also important to remember that elderly and infants are much more likely to suffer from extreme heat, and so it’s important to keep a close eye on them.
Heat stroke is by far the most dangerous effect of extreme heat. Symptoms of it include hot, red skin, change in consciousness, vomiting, and high body temperature. If someone suffers from these symptoms, 911 should be called immediately. In addition, the person should be moved to a cooler place and be immersed in cold water up to his neck if possible. If that is not possible, then he should be doused or sprayed with cold water or covered with cold, wet towels or bags of ice.
Extreme heat sounds less serious than many other natural events, yet it is responsible for a huge amount of deaths. In fact, heat kills more than many other natural events such as hurricanes, floods, tornados, and lightning. Because of this, it is important to be careful and practice good safety in extreme heat.